Banga Soup

Abak or Banga soup with beef - stock photo
Getty Images
Prep Time
20 min
Cook Time
30 min
4 servings

Nigerian Banga Soup or Ofe Akwu is native to the Niger Delta and the South Eastern parts of Nigeria.

Photo courtesy of Getty Images. The image was not created by the recipe author but is representative of the dish.



kg palm fruits or 800g tinned Palm Fruit Concentrate
Dry fish
Vegetable: scent leave for Ofe Akwu or dried and crushed bitter leaves for Delta-style Banga Soup
medium onions
Tbsp ground crayfish
Salt and chilli pepper, to taste
Ogiri Okpei (Iru) (seasoning mix)
big stock cubes


Step 1

Extract the palm fruit concentrate from the palm fruits.

Step 2

Cook the beef and the dry fish with 1 bulb of diced onion and the stock cubes till done.

Step 3

Wash and cut the scent leaves into tiny pieces. The scent leaves give the Banga Stew (Ofe Akwu) its unique aroma and taste. If you are outside Nigeria, this may be hard to find, so you can use pumpkin leaves or any other vegetable in place of scent leaves. If cooking Delta-style Banga Soup for starch, you should either cook this soup without vegetables or use dried and crushed bitter leaves.

Step 4

Cut the remaining bulb of onion. Pound the crayfish, ogiri okpei and pepper in a mortar and set aside. You can also grind them with a dry mill.

Step 5

Set the pot of palm fruit extract on the stove and start cooking at high heat. Leave to boil till you notice come red oil at the surface of the Banga Stew. If you think that the Banga Soup is watery, cook till the soup has thickened to the consistency you like for your stews.

Step 6

Now, add the beef, dry fish and stock, the onions, crayfish and pepper and leave to boil very well.

Step 7

Add the scent leaves or other vegetable and salt to taste. Leave to simmer for about 2 mins. The Banga Soup is done. Serve with white rice or use the Delta-style Banga Soup to eat Starch, Garri, Semo lina, Amala or Pounded Yam.

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